Despite water conservation techniques improving by the years, drought and water scarcity is looming large. Prominent corporate establishments have taken the initiative to invest in water conservation. For instance, the pledge by Coca-Cola and coalition companies to deliver 2,000 water purification systems is an initiative to promote the idea. Water is a growing issue with the increase in population. There is hardly a person, product, organization or community untouched by water. United Nations says that water has become scarce due to the natural and man-made phenomenon.
Though there are adequate water resources across the globe for the 7 billion population, the uneven distribution is the reason for its insufficiency. Much of water is wasted in transportation and pollution. This calls for a need for water management using time-tested technologies. There is a need to drive towards water efficiency. Some of the tips to promote efficient global distribution of water are listed.
Population rise is triggering water scarcity. The United Nations Statistics informs that 1.2 billion are suffering from water scarcity, and 1.6 billion have no access to water because of water shortage. It means these countries do not have the infrastructure to provide clean drinking water to its people. It is predicted by 2025 around 1.8 billion will be affected by water scarcity and half the world population will be affected by water scarcity. All this goes to prove that water available is the major investment when considering business expansion.
It is predicted there will be a rise in treated wastewater supply for irrigation purposes. The water scarcity issue has justified this cause. But the bad news is waste water is wasted in many high-income countries. The water treatment rate has been put at 70 percent, and it further falls to 28 percent in developing and under developed countries. The director of UNU-UIWEH, Zafar Adeel says that vast resource of water is not reclaimed properly. The municipal and industrial water waste has to be separated. The need for thinking of reusing waste water is essential as almost 95 percent of freshwater is made used for irrigation purposes. Converting waste water to drinking water is an expensive exercise and needs a highly regulated environment. It is followed by states like Nevada, Texas, Virginia and Florida.
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