All You Want To Know About Water Technology

Di water and oil tank for factory

Despite water conservation techniques improving by the years, drought and water scarcity is looming large. Prominent corporate establishments have taken the initiative to invest in water conservation. For instance, the pledge by Coca-Cola and coalition companies to deliver 2,000 water purification systems is an initiative to promote the idea. Water is a growing issue with the increase in population. There is hardly a person, product, organization or community untouched by water. United Nations says that water has become scarce due to the natural and man-made phenomenon.

Though there are adequate water resources across the globe for the 7 billion population, the uneven distribution is the reason for its insufficiency. Much of water is wasted in transportation and pollution. This calls for a need for water management using time-tested technologies. There is a need to drive towards water efficiency. Some of the tips to promote efficient global distribution of water are listed.

002Population rise is triggering water scarcity. The United Nations Statistics informs that 1.2 billion are suffering from water scarcity, and 1.6 billion have no access to water because of water shortage. It means these countries do not have the infrastructure to provide clean drinking water to its people. It is predicted by 2025 around 1.8 billion will be affected by water scarcity and half the world population will be affected by water scarcity. All this goes to prove that water available is the major investment when considering business expansion.

It is predicted there will be a rise in treated wastewater supply for irrigation purposes. The water scarcity issue has justified this cause. But the bad news is waste water is wasted in many high-income countries. The water treatment rate has been put at 70 percent, and it further falls to 28 percent in developing and under developed countries. The director of UNU-UIWEH, Zafar Adeel says that vast resource of water is not reclaimed properly. The municipal and industrial water waste has to be separated. The need for thinking of reusing waste water is essential as almost 95 percent of freshwater is made used for irrigation purposes. Converting waste water to drinking water is an expensive exercise and needs a highly regulated environment. It is followed by states like Nevada, Texas, Virginia and Florida.

Read also : The Need For Water Analysis

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Coagulants Used In Water Treatment

UltraVioletCoagulation is a well-known water treatment process and is a primary process and is done using cost effective ingredients. Some of the popularly used coagulants are listed below:
Alum or Aluminum Sulfate has commonly used coagulant in the US. It is used in combination with cationic polymers. Polyaluminum chloride needs fewer pH alterations to produce viable results, especially to reduce sludge. Ferric chloride produces better results than alum. Ferric sulfate is effective in certain types of water and is economical. Ferrous Sulfate is expensive when compared with ferric chloride, but the outcome is excellent. Sodium Aluminate is also a widely used coagulant.

Sometime cationic polymers are used in combination with iron or aluminum coagulants. Many plants widely use cationic polymers though it is expensive in while comparing on par with inorganic coagulants. The pH range is wider, and the less produced is limited. The coagulants chemicals are selected depending on the type of suspended solids that needs to be removed. The water condition and the cost incurred in removing the chemicals and improving the quality of the water.

slide1It is important to select the right coagulant to enhance the quality of the water. A pilot study on available coagulants is important to choose an effective coagulant. Once the coagulant is selected the implementation process is easy. It is important to fabricate the tools and proceed with the civil construction accordingly. The detention time is crucial to improving the success rate of the flocculation process. The equipment selection is crucial in this case.

There are many methods to remove the impurities in the water. The process of removing textile sewage color removal is a tough task. Moreover, in the reverse Osmosis plant the feed water is not uniform. Globally many methods are available, but not all use these methods. Some of the factors for selection include uniform results, technology cost, capable of upgrading and running cost must be affordable.

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The Need For Water Analysis

agua-calidadWater analyses are used in residential and commercial projects. Water supplied by the local bodies or city councils are tested for purity while this is not the case with private suppliers. No official body is called upon to test water quality by private water suppliers. This has left homeowners in risk, and it is the responsibility of the homeowner to protect their water supply from harmful ingredients. Open water sources are vulnerable to all kinds of pollution, and it has to be checked for salts and bacteria on a regular basis.

There are many chemical issues like discoloration of water, lime scale, corrosion and rock formation. Using appropriate treatment chemical issues can be treated. There are more than 50EU water tests that can be conducted on water. It is important to check various parameters before validating the quality of the water. Testing for purity is economical and inevitable for the health of your family.

water-filter-lemon-600x300There are a set of parameters defined for home water supplies. The test for bacteria includes faecal and total coliforms. The chemical tests include checking for iron, nitrates, manganese content and alkalinity, pH and water hardness. There is a need for additional tests for lead, copper, arsenic and more. The water examination is conducted in the laboratory. Testing for the appropriate chemicals is important.

It is highly recommended water analysis be conducted keeping in mind the health factors. Water from private sources are untreated and could lead to deadly diseases. Water analysis has to be mandatory for all water suppliers, be it public or private. A sample of the water can be given in authorized laboratories to check for impurities and salts. There are chances that water is discolored after heavy rainfall. When you spot discoloration in the water supply, it is important to send the sample for testing immediately.

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Drinking Water Treatment Plant

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